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Announcing CLPE's Reflecting Realities: the third survey into ethnic representation in UK Children’s Literature

Representation in children’s books still not reflective of society, says CLPE and BookTrust

We are pleased to publish our third Reflecting Realities report looking at Ethnic Representation in UK Children's Literature. Funded by Arts Council England, the publication follows on from our landmark research over the last two years, the first of its kind to examine BAME (Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic) representation in UK Children’s books.
 

Findings from our Reflecting Realities Survey of Ethnic Representation within UK Children’s Literature and BookTrust’s Represents Interim Research, both report some positive progress over the past three years (2017-2019), but there remains a long way to go for representation in children’s books and publishing to mirror UK society:

 

  • The number of children’s books published in the UK over the last three years (2017-19) featuring characters from a Black, Asian or minority ethnic background has increased to 10% in 2019, rising from 4% in 2017, 7% in 2018 to 10% in 2019, according to CLPE.
     
  • CLPE’s research shows that characters from a Black, Asian or minority ethnic background remain significantly under-representated in comparison to the UK primary school population where 33.5% of children are from a minority ethnic background.
     
  • The number of authors and illustrators of colour published in the UK in the last three years has grown to over 8%, an increase of 3%, rising from less than 6% in 2017.
     
  • According to BookTrust’s findings, the number of British debut creators of colour has increased from 12 in 2017 to 24 in 2019, but nearly half of these are self-published or published by a hybrid publisher.

Our Reflecting Realities report, which identifies and evaluates representation within picture books, fiction and non-fiction for ages 3–11, provides a benchmark to track and understand progress and a toolkit to support both producers and consumers of children’s literature to be more critically reflective in the move towards a more inclusive future.

Both reports have made a significant contribution to the wider conversation about representation in children’s books and publishing, by ensuring consistent evaluation and supporting publishers to maintain momentum. However, the figures from each update illustrate the significant extent of under-representation across the board in children’s publishing and literature and the challenge that remains for the wider industry.

CLPE's Louise Johns-Shepherd, welcomed the findings but cautioned against complacency said: “We began this work in 2017 and we know that since the publication of the first statistics work has been done across the charity, arts and publishing sectors to put in place a range of measures designed to institute real change.  This change will take time because we also know that the structures and systems in place are entrenched and societal.  Whilst the third year of data shows a continued increase from the first and second year of this work, we believe that there is still much to be done.”

Jill Coleman, Director of children’s books at BookTrust said: “Books play an important role in shaping children’s lives : these stories and characters will affect how they see themselves and the world around them, their motivation to read, and their aspirations to become authors and illustrators of the future. We are pleased to see that there has been slow and steady progress in the representation of authors and illustrators of colour since 2017: but we are ambitious to achieve more. We have now revised our targets and want to challenge ourselves and the publishing industry to increase the number of creators of colour in the UK to 13% by 2022.”

Sarah Crown, Director of Literature, Arts Council England said: “The CLPE and BookTrust’s respective research into the diversity of characters in children’s books, and the representation of writers and illustrators of colour across the children’s literature sector, has been crucial in helping to address historic imbalances and lack of opportunities. While it’s encouraging to see consistent improvement over the past three years, there is significantly more work to be done, to ensure all children can see themselves in the books they read and that the children’s publishing industry reflects the diversity of twenty-first century Britain. I’m pleased that we’re able to continue to support both these organisations, working with them to identify actions and foster collaborations to increase the rate of change.”

The partnership between CLPE and BookTrust aims to drive forward the meaningful and long-term systemic change needed to bring about a shift in behaviours and practices across the industry. In 2021, they will announce a major new collaboration to reach more children in schools. As part of this, both organisations are calling on publishers and other partners to work with them to help redress the balance and make long overdue radical changes to ensure that children across the UK can see themselves and their world reflected in the books and authors they read and for the children’s book industry to finally reflect the society we live in.

Read our latest Reflecting Realities report.

View BookTrust Represents report Representation of people of colour among children’s book creators in the UK